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           Govt. Degree College   

          New   Colony   Gagren   

            Shopian    Kashmir


            Tel : 01933260204

    E-mail: info@gdcshopian.in

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Estd. 1988


A. Act means the Kashmir & Jammu Universities Act, 1969;

B. Academic Year means two consecutive (one odd + one even) semesters which constitute one academic year;

C. Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) means CBCS that provides choice for students to select from the prescribed courses (core, elective or soft skill/open courses);

D. College for the purpose of these statutes means an institution which is either a constituent or affiliated College to the University of Kashmir, where BA/B Sc/B.Com/BBA/BCA (General/ Honours), is carried on in accordance with these Statutes;

E. Course refers to a paper which is a component of a programme. All courses need not carry the same weightage. The courses define the learning objectives and learning outcomes. A course may be designed to comprise lectures / tutorials/laboratory work/field work/outreach activities/ project work/vocational training/map work/self-study etc. or a combination of some of these. In the context of Under-Graduate programmes

“L”: stands for Lecture sessions;

“T”:  stands for Tutorial sessions consisting of participatory discussion/self-study/desk work/ brief seminar presentation by students and such other novel methods; and

“P”: stands for Practice sessions and it consists of hands-on experience/laboratory experiments, field studies/ case studies that equip students to acquire the required skill component.

F. Credit means one hour (60 minutes) of teaching/tutorial work or two hours (120 minutes) of practical workper week for a minimum of 16 weeks a semester and carrying a weightage of 15 marks. A theory Period of 40Minutes a day for six days a week for a period of 16 weeks shall mean a 4 Credit Course;

G. Credit Based Semester System (CBSS) Under this system the requirement of awarding a degree is prescribed in terms of number of credits to be completed by the students;

H. Credit Point is the product of grade point and number of credits for a course and are obtained by multiplying credits in a course with grade points i.e. Credit points = Credits x Grade Points;

I. Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is a measure of overall cumulative performance of a student in various courses in all semesters and the sum of the total credits of all courses in all the semesters and is obtained by dividing the total number of credit points obtained in all the semesters by the total number of credits in all the semesters. It is expressed up to two decimal places. The final result is declared in the form of CGPA;

J. Degree means the degree of BA/B Sc./B.Com/BBA/BCA (General/Honours), of six academic semesters duration;

K. Examination means evaluation of learning objectives through the modes of Assignments/Class tests/Presentations/Seminars/Viva-voce/Practical tests and Semester/Term end theory papers.

L. Examiner may be External examiner or Internal Examiner.

i. External Examiner means a person well versed in the knowledge of the course concerned who is approved to act as an external examiner under university rules, but excluding the member/s of the teaching staff of the college concerned.

ii. Internal Examiner means a person well versed in the knowledge of the course concerned who is approved to act as an internal examiner under university rules and is a member of the teaching staff of the college concerned.

M. Grade Point is a numerical weight allotted to each letter grade on a 10 point scale;

N. Letter Grade is an index of performance of students in a said course. Grades are denoted by letters O, A+, A,B+, B, C, P and F;

O. Programme means an educational programme leading to the award of a degree;

P. Regulation means a regulation as defined under section 2(h) of the Act.

Q. Self-Study/Self-Learning of particular credit/credits means the study/learning of the relevant study material available in the E-form or E-content or any other form to be evaluated internally (at the college level).

R. Semester Grade Points Average (SGPA) indicates the performance of a candidate in a given semester. It is a ratio of total credit points secured by a student in various courses registered in a semester and the total credits taken during that semester. It is expressed up to two decimal places;

S. Semester shall comprise 6 months including the process of admission, teaching learning process and the completion of the examination process with a minimum of 16 weeks of academic work. The Odd/Even semesters shall be scheduled as per the Academic Calendar reflected in Regulation.

T. Transcript or Grade Card or Certificate means a transcript or grade card or certificate which is based on the grades earned which is issued to the registered candidates after every semester. It shall display the course details (code, title, number of credits, grade secured) along with SGPA of that semester and CGPA earned till that semester.

U. University means the University of Kashmir as defined under section 2(K) of the Act. Provided that the words not defined in definition clause shall have the meaning as assigned to them under the Kashmir & Jammu University Act 1969. The main feature of the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) is to make undergraduate education student centric rather than system centric or teacher centric. For achieving these objectives, the CBCS strives to create a holistic syllabus. Thus in addition to dedicated focus on a discipline through core papers whether in an Honours Curriculum or General curriculum, elective papers have been added which will give students the freedom to choose the allied/applied/broad areas of their discipline and also the areas of other disciplines of their interest. Further in keeping with the vision of the Government, special emphasis has been given to ability enhancement and skill development of students through elective courses under these domains which every student is required to study. However, in keeping with the spirit of CBCS here also the students will have complete freedom to choose these courses from a pool suggested by the UGC/University. All papers except core papers offer complete freedom to the Universities in designing and reviewing the syllabi and enable them to offer their own distinct flavour and maintain their unique character. These elective papers provide them with the opportunity to develop competencies of students in their areas of strength, expertise and specialization. Even in the core papers under the guidelines 30% flexibility has been proposed in adopting the syllabus as per the template provided by the UGC. It is pertinent to point out that as per the existing education policy different institutions and universities are required to maintain 70% equivalence in the syllabi and the same has to be maintained under the system of CBCS. The CBCS provides an opportunity for the students to choose courses from the prescribed courses comprising Core, Elective and Skill Based Courses. The courses shall be evaluated following a grading system. This will benefit the students to move across institutions both within India and across countries. The guidelines have been prescribed in order to bring uniformity in evaluation system and computation of the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) based on student’s performance in examinations.

Outlines of Choice Based Credit System

1. A course, which should compulsorily be studied by a candidate as a core requirement is termed as a Core Course or a Discipline Specific Course (DSC). Number of Core Papers constituting a Course shall be 14 for all the Honours Programmes. Whereas for a General Programme in Science there shall be 12 Core Papers. For General Programmes in Arts & Commerce there shall be only 8 Core Papers each. Besides, there will be 2 Papers each of General English and MIL to be studied by all the students of General Programmes in Arts and Commerce as Compulsory Courses. The curriculum designed for courses under this category shall aim to cover the basics that a student is expected to imbibe in that particular discipline.

2. Elective Course: Generally a course which can be chosen from a pool of courses and which may be very specific or specialized or advanced or supportive to the discipline/subject of study or which provides an extended scope or which enables an exposure to some other discipline/subject/domain or nurtures the candidate’s proficiency/skill is called an Elective Course.

2.1 Discipline Specific Elective (DSE) Course (4 DSEs in all for Honours Courses and 2 DSEs related to each Core Course for General Courses): Elective courses offered under the main discipline/subject of study is referred to as Discipline Specific Elective. The lists provided under this category are suggestive in nature and each University has complete freedom to suggest their own papers under this category based on their expertise, specialization, requirements, scope and need. The University/Institute may also offer discipline related Elective courses of interdisciplinary nature (to be offered by main discipline/subject of study).

2.2 Dissertation/Project: An elective course designed to acquire special/advanced knowledge, such as supplement study/support study to a project work, and a candidate studies such a course on his own with an advisory support by a teacher/faculty member is called dissertation/project.

2.3 *Generic Elective (GE) Course (2 each for B.A./B.Com. General Course and 4 for Honours Courses): An elective course chosen from an unrelated discipline/subject, with an intention to seek exposure beyond discipline/s of choice is called a Generic Elective. The purpose of this category of papers is to offer the students the option to explore disciplines of interest beyond the choices they make in Core and Discipline Specific Elective papers. The list provided under this category are suggestive in nature and the respective Boards of Under-graduate Studies shall have complete freedom to suggest their own papers under this category based on the available expertise, specialization, requirements, scope and need.

*P.S.: A Core course offered in a discipline/subject may be treated as a Generic Elective for other disciplines/subjects and vice versa and such electives may also be referred to as Generic Electives.

3. Ability Enhancement Courses (AECs): The Ability Enhancement (AE) Courses may be of two kinds:

Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECCs) and Skill Enhancement Courses (SECs). “AECC”

Courses are the courses based upon the content that leads to Knowledge enhancement like;

i. Environmental Studies and

ii. Communicative English.

These are mandatory for all disciplines. SECs are value-based and/or skill-based and are aimed at providing hands-on-training, competencies, skills, etc.

3. 1 Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC): Environmental Studies & Communicative English.

3.2 Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC) (4 for Regular Courses and Minimum 2 for Honours).

These courses shall be chosen from a pool of courses designed to provide value-based and/or skill-based knowledge and shall contain both theory and lab/hands-on/training/field work.

The main purpose of these courses is to provide students life-skills in hands-on mode so as to increase employability. The lists provided under this category are suggestive in nature and there spective Boards of Under-graduate Studies shall have complete freedom to suggest their own papers under this category based on the availability of expertise, specialization, requirements, scope and need.

4. Practicals/Tutorials (One each with every Core and Discipline Specific / Generic Elective Course): There spective Boards of Under-graduate Studies shall have the freedom to add to/ subtract from the list suggested by UGC depending on their faculty and infrastructure available. Addition should, however, be of similar nature.

5. Introducing Research Component in Under-Graduate Courses

Project work/Dissertation is considered as a special course involving application of knowledge in solving /analysing /exploring a real life situation / difficult problem. A Project/Dissertation work would be of 6credits. A Project/Dissertation work may be given in lieu of a discipline specific elective paper.


A. The implementation of the CBCS to follow a Common Minimum Curriculum and syllabi of the Core papers provided by the UGC. The allowed deviation from the syllabi being 30% at the maximum.

B. University has the flexibility to add to the list of elective papers prescribed by the UGC, as per the available facilities.

C. Number of Core papers for UG Honours and UG Regular Courses has to be same across the Universities.

D. Credit score earned by a student for any elective paper has to be included in the student’s overall score tally irrespective of whether the paper is offered by the parent university (degree awarding university/institute) or not.

E. For the introduction of AE Courses, they may be divided into two categories:

I. AE Compulsory Courses: The universities participating in CBCS system may have common curriculum for these papers. There may be one paper each in the 1st two Semesters viz., (i) English Communication, (ii) Environmental Studies.

II. Skill Enhancement Courses: The universities may decide the papers they may want to offer from a common pool of papers decided by UGC. Besides, the university also has the flexibility to add to the list suggested by UGC. The universities may offer one paper per semester for these courses.

F. The University/Institute may plan the number of seats per elective paper as per the facilities and infra structure available.

G. An undergraduate degree with Honours in a discipline shall be awarded if a student completes

14 Core papers in that discipline, 2 Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC), minimum of 2 Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC) and 4 papers each from a list of Discipline Specific Elective and Generic Elective papers, respectively.

H. An undergraduate degree in Science disciplines shall be awarded if a student completes 4 core papers each in three disciplines of choice, 2 Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC), minimum 4 Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC)and 2 papers each from a list of Discipline Specific Elective papers based on three disciplines of choice selected above, respectively.

I. An Undergraduate degree in Humanities/ Social Sciences/ Commerce shall be awarded if a student completes 4 core papers each in two disciplines of choice, 2 core papers each in English and MIL, respectively, 2 Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (AECC), minimum 4 Skill Enhancement Courses (SECs), 2 papers each from a list of Discipline Specific Elective papers based on the two disciplines of choice selected above, respectively, and two papers from the list of Generic Electives.

J. For the purpose of computation of work-load the following mechanism shall be adopted:

1 Credit = 1 Theory period of one hour duration per week for a minimum of 16 weeks. However, in case of Mathematics 2Theory periods of one hour duration per week for a minimum of 16 weeks shall constitute 1 Credit.

1 Credit = 1 Tutorial period of one hour duration per week for a minimum of 16 weeks.

1 Credit = 1 Practical period of two hours duration per week for a minimum of 16 weeks.

K. The credit(s) for each theory paper/practical/tutorial/project/dissertation will be as per the details given in Annexures A, B, C, and D for B.Sc. Honours, B.A./B.Com. Honours, B. Sc. and B.A. /B.Com respectively.

L. Wherever a University requires that an applicant for a particular M.A./M.Sc./Technical/ Professional course should have studied a specific discipline at the undergraduate level, a requirement of obtaining 24credits in the concerned discipline at the undergraduate level shall be deemed sufficient to satisfy such requirement for admission to the M.A./M.Sc./Technical/Professional course.

M. The University shall review the course structure and syllabi for under-graduate courses after one academic session in order to rectify anomalies, if any, based on the feedback from stakeholders.

Choice Based Credit System: An Overview